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Korean Language Structure

● 고 싶어요 (wanted).
Example:
보다 + 고 싶어요 => 보고 싶어요 = want to see.
만지다 + 고 싶어요 => 만지고 싶어요 = want to touch.
읽다 + 고 싶어요 => 읽고 싶어요 = want to read.

● 으세요 (consonant) / 세요 (vocal) (please / command).
Example:
가다 + 세요 => 가세요 = Go.
먹다 + 으세요 => 먹으 세요 = Please eat.
닫다 + 으세요 => 닫으 세요 = Close.

● 고 있어요 (medium).
Example:
공부 하다 + 고 있어요 => 공부 하고 있어요 = Medium learn.
마시다 + 고 있어요 => 마시고 있어요 = Moderate drinking.
자다 + 고 있어요 => 자고 있어요 = Medium sleep.

● 지 마세요 (Prohibition).
Example:
자다 + 지 마세요 => 자지 마세요 = Do not sleep.
일하다 + 지 마세요 => 일 하지 마세요 = Do not work.
보다 + 지 마세요 => 보지 마세요 = Do not look.

#Note:
지맙 리다 => prohibition in the form of a polite invitation (you should not).
지 말자 => prohibition in the form of solicitation that is not polite (let’s not).

● ~ 주세요 (Request).
The act must be the change in the form of an informal, objects do not need to be changed.
Example:
인사 해요 + 주세요 => 인사 해 주세요 = please give greetings.
책 + 주세요 => 책 주세요 = ask for books.

#note:
For ages under 줘요 we could use, and must in advance in the form of informal fox.
Example:
담배 줘요 = ask for cigarettes.
밥 을 줘요 = ask for rice.

● ~ 았어요 / 었어요 (already / past).
Should the change in the form of informal -> past.
Example:
먹다 -> 먹어요 + 었어요 => 먹었 어요 =’ve eaten.
오다 -> 와요 + 았어요 => 왔어요 =’ve come.

● ~ ㄹ 게요 (vocals) / 을 게요 (consonants) (ability to be)
Example:
가다 + ㄹ 게요 -> 갈 게요 = will go.
공부 하다 + ㄹ 게요 -> 공부 할게요 = will learn.

● ~ ㄹ 거에요 (vocals) / 을 거에요 (consonants) (may be / conjecture).
Example:
오다 + ㄹ 거에요 -> 올 거에요 = probably will come.

● ~ ㄹ 때 (vocals) / ~ 을때 (consonants) (at the time, time)
Example:
일하다 + ㄹ 때 -> 일할 때 = at work.
먹다 + 을때 -> 먹을 때 = while eating.

#note:
For a specified time using 때 without notice suffix of the syllable.
Example:
휴가 때 = during the holidays.
지험 때 = exam.
점집 때 = at lunch.

● ~ ㅂ 시다 (vocals) / ~ 읍시다 (consonants) (invitation: let’s, let’s go).
Example:
가다 + ㅂ 시다 – > 갑시다 = let go.
공부 하다 + ㅂ 시다 – > 공부 합시다 = let’s learn.

#Note:
For ages under / parallel can wear 자.
Example:
마시다 – > 마시자 = let’s drink.
보다 – > 보자 = let’s see.

● ~ ㄹ 것이다 (vocals) / ~ 을 것이다 (consonants) (the form of which will come).
Example:
공부 하다 + ㄹ 것이다 – > 공부할 것이다 = will learn.
먹다 + 을 것이다 – > 먹을 것이다 = will eat.

● ~ 고 있다 (form is happening).
Example:
가다 + 고 있다 – > 가고 있다 = ‘re gone.
오다 + 고 있어요 – > 오고 있어요 = ‘re coming.

● 그래서 (so, so, then, so).
● 그런데 (but, however).
● 그리고 / 고 (and).
● ~ ㄹ (을) 수 있어요 (could).
● 야 해요 (should). – > informal.
● (으) 면 (if, when).
● (으) 면서 (while).

 
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Posted by on December 29, 2014 in Korean

 

Chord Guitar Linkin Park – Numb

               Linkin Park – Numb

image

Intro  : F#m  D  A  E (2x)

Verse 1  :

F#m                                D
I’m tired of being what you want me to be
A                                 E
Feeling so faithless lost under the surface
F#m                                 D
Don’t know what you’re expecting of me
A E D   E
Put under the pressure of walking in your shoes
(Cought in the undertone just caught in the undertone)
F#m                          A                       D  E
Every step I take is another mistake to you
(Cought in the undertone just cought in the undertone)

Chorus  :
F#m                   D                                    A
I’ve become so numb I can’t feel you there
E F#m
I’ve become so tired ao much more aware
                       D                         A
I’ve become this all I want to do
                        E                                 F#m
Is be more like me and be less like you

Verse 2  :

F#m                                  D
Can’t you see that you’re smothering me
A                              E                        F#m
Holding too tightly afraid to lost control
                                              D
Couse everything that you thought I would be
A                          E                       D   E
Has fallen apart right in front of you
(Cought in the undertone just cought in the undertone)
F#m                                  A             D    E
Every step that I take is another mistake to you
(Cought in the undertone just cought in the undertone)
F#m                                               A       E
And every second I waste is more than I can take

(Back to chorus )

E
And I know
F#m  A   F#m.    E    D
I may end up failing too
E
But I know
C# (hold)
You were just like me with someone disappointed in you

(Back to chorus) 2x
Ending  :  F#m  D  A  E

 
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Posted by on December 27, 2014 in Music

 

Struktur Bahasa Korea

● 고싶어요 ( ingin ).
Contoh :
보다 + 고싶어요 => 보고싶어요 = ingin melihat.
만지다 + 고싶어요 => 만지고싶어요 = ingin menyentuh.
읽다 + 고싶어요 => 읽고싶어요 = ingin membaca.

● 으세요 ( konsonan ) / 세요 (vocal ) ( silahkan / perintah ).
Contoh :
가다 + 세요 => 가세요 = Pergilah.
먹다 + 으세요 => 먹으세요 = Silahkan makan.
닫다 + 으세요 => 닫으세요 = Tutuplah.

● 고있어요 ( sedang ).
Contoh :
공부하다 + 고있어요 => 공부하고있어요 = Sedang belajar.
마시다 + 고있어요 => 마시고있어요 = Sedang minum.
자다 + 고있어요 => 자고있어요 = Sedang tidur.

● 지마세요 ( Larangan ).
Contoh :
자다 + 지마세요 => 자지마세요 = Jangan tidur.
일하다 + 지마세요 => 일하지마세요 = Jangan kerja.
보다 + 지마세요 => 보지마세요 = Jangan melihat.

#Catatan :
지맙리다 => larangan dalam bentuk ajakan yang sopan ( sebaiknya jangan ).
지말자 => larangan dalam bentuk ajakan yang tidak sopan ( mari jangan ).

● ~주세요 (Permintaan ).
Perbuatan harus di ubah dalam bentuk informal, benda tidak perlu di ubah.
Contoh :
인사해요 + 주세요 => 인사해 주세요 = mohon berikan salam.
책 + 주세요 => 책 주세요 = minta buku.

#catatan :
Untuk usia di bawah kita bisa memakai 줘요 ,dan harus di rubah dahulu dalam bentuk informal.
Contoh :
담배 줘요 = minta rokok.
밥을 줘요 = minta nasi.

● ~ 았어요 / 었어요 ( sudah / lampau ).
Harus di ubah dalam bentuk informal -> lampau.
Contoh :
먹다 -> 먹어요 + 었어요 => 먹었어요 = sudah makan.
오다 -> 와요 + 았어요 => 왔어요 = sudah datang.

● ~ㄹ게요 (vocal) / 을 게요 (konsonan ) (kesanggupan akan )
Contoh :
가다 + ㄹ게요 -> 갈게요 = akan pergi.
공부하다 + ㄹ게요 -> 공부할게요 = akan belajar.

● ~ㄹ거에요 ( vocal ) / 을 거에요 ( konsonan ) ( mungkin akan / dugaan ).
Contoh :
오다 + ㄹ거에요 -> 올거에요 = mungkin akan datang.

● ~ㄹ때 ( vocal ) / ~을때 ( konsonan ) (pada saat, waktu )
Contoh :
일하다 + ㄹ때 -> 일할때 = saat bekerja.
먹다 + 을때 -> 먹을때 = saat makan.

#catatan :
Untuk waktu yang sudah ditentukan menggunakan 때 saja tanpa melihat akhiran dari suku kata tersebut.
Contoh :
휴가때 = saat liburan.
지험때 = saat ujian.
점집때 = saat makan siang.

● ~ㅂ시다 ( vocal ) / ~읍시다( konsonan ) (ajakan : mari, ayo ).
Contoh :
가다 + ㅂ시다 -> 갑시다 = mari pergi.
공부하다 + ㅂ시다 -> 공부합시다 = mari belajar.

#Catatan :
Untuk usia di bawah / sejajar bisa memakai 자.
Contoh :
마시다 -> 마시자 = mari minum.
보다 -> 보자 = mari melihat.

●~ㄹ것이다 ( vocal ) / ~을것이다 ( konsonan ) ( bentuk yang akan datang ).
Contoh :
공부하다 + ㄹ것이다 -> 공부할것이다 = akan belajar.
먹다 + 을것이다 -> 먹을것이다 = akan makan.

●~고있다 ( bentuk sedang terjadi ).
Contoh :
가다 + 고있다 -> 가고있다 = sedang pergi.
오다 + 고있어요 -> 오고있어요 = sedang datang.

● 그래서 ( jadi, maka, lalu, sehingga ).
● 그런데 ( tetapi, akan tetapi ).
● 그리고 / 고 ( dan ).
● ~ㄹ( 을 ) 수있어요 ( bisa ).
● 야해요 ( harus ). -> informal.
● ( 으 ) 면 ( jika, kalau ).
● ( 으 ) 면서 ( sambil ).

 
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Posted by on December 23, 2014 in korea

 

The formation of sentences in Korean

The formation of sentences in Korean based arrangement is subject – Description – Objects – Predicate. In Korean, the function of language in the procedure of sentence is determined by the existing particles. Let us discuss about the particles – particles.

»» Particle subject.

1. Particle subject 은 (consonant) / 는 (vocals).
Example:
저는 밥 을 먹어요 => I eat rice.
사장님 은 사무실 에 가고 있어요 => Boss’m going to the office.

2. Particle subject 이 (consonant) / 가 (vocals).
Example:
오늘 비가 와요 => turunhujan today.
너의 공장 이 너무 커요 => pabrikmusangat great.

»» Particle Object.
을 (consonant) 를 (vocals).
Example. :
아버지 는 커피 를 마셔요 => Bapakminum coffee.
저는 일 을 하굈 어요 => I’m working.

»» Particle Description.

1. Description 에 / 에서.
● 에 => Shows the description of time, place, purpose (at, in, into, per).
Example:
남동생 이 학교 에 가요 (sister went into the school).
어디 에 살아요? (Where do you live?).

● 에서 => Shows rerjadinya a description of events (in, on).
Example. :
저는 인도네시아 에서 왔어요 (I come from Indonesia).
시장 에서 옷 을 샀어요 (I bought clothes in the market).

2. Description 로 (vocals) / 으로 (consonants).

로 / 으로 are particles that determine the direction, equipment or means of transport (with, to).
Example. :
얻디 로 가세요? => Want to go?
연필 로 쓰세요 => Write denganpensil.
** If the syllable ending in ㄹ then equated vocals.

3. Description 러 (vocal) / (consonants) 으러.

러 / 으러 are particles that determine the destination (to).
Example:
학교 에 공부 하러 가요 => I went to school to learn.

4. Description 와, 과, 하고, 랑, 이랑 (with and).
Example:
친구 랑 공부 를 했어요 => I learned with friends.

** Note:
과, 이랑 => consonants.
와, 랑 => vocals.
하고 => consonant / vocals.

Negative statements:
아니요 => no.
안 => not / yet.
지 않아요 => no.
못 => not / yet.
** Note:
다 ending syllables, then 안 / 못 placed in front of the word.
Syllable ending in 하다, then 안 / 못 be placed before 하 / middle – the middle.

 
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Posted by on December 22, 2014 in Korean

 

Struktur Kalimat dalam Bahasa Korea

Pembentukan kalimat dalam bahasa Korea berdasarkan susunannya adalah Subjek – Keterangan – Objek – Predikat. Dalam bahasa Korea, fungsi tata cara bahasa didalam kalimat ditentukan melalui partikel yang ada. Mari kita bahas tentang partikel – partikel tersebut.

»» Partikel subjek.

1. Partikel subjek 은 ( konsonan ) / 는 ( vocal ).
Contoh  :
저는 밥을먹어요  =>  saya makan nasi.
사장님은 사무실에 가고있어요  =>  Bos sedang pergi ke kantor.

2. Partikel subjek 이  ( konsonan ) / 가  ( vocal ).
Contoh  :
오늘 비가 와요  =>  hari ini turun hujan.
너의 공장이 너무 커요  =>  pabrikmu sangat besar.

»» Partikel Objek.
을 ( konsonan ) 를 ( vocal ).
Contoh. :
아버지는 커피 마셔요  =>  Bapak minum kopi.
저는 일을 하굈어요  =>  Saya sedang bekerja.

»» Partikel Keterangan.

1. Keterangan 에 / 에서.
● 에  =>  Menunjukan keterangan waktu, tempat, tujuan ( pada, di, ke, per ).
Contoh  :
남동생이 학교 가요  ( adik pergi ke sekolah ).
어디 살아요 ?  ( Dimana kamu tinggal? ).

● 에서  =>  Menunjukan keterangan tempat rerjadinya kejadian ( di, dari ).
Contoh. :
저는 인도네시아 에서 왔어요  ( Saya datang dari Indonesia ).
시장 에서 옷을 샀어요  ( Saya beli pakaian di pasar ).

2. Keterangan 로 ( vocal ) / 으로 ( konsonan ).

로 / 으로 adalah partikel yang menentukan arah, peralatan ataupun alat transportasi ( dengan, ke ).
Contoh. :
얻디로 가세요?  =>  Mau pergi ke mana?
연필로 쓰세요  =>  Tulislah dengan pensil.
**jika suku kata berakhiran ㄹ maka disamakan vocal.

3. Keterangan 러 ( vocal )/ ( konsonan ) 으러.

러 / 으러 adalah partikel yang menentukan tujuan ( untuk ).
Contoh :
학교에 공부하러 가요 => Saya pergi ke sekolah untuk belajar.

4. Keterangan 와 , 과 , 하고 , 랑 , 이랑 (dengan, dan ).
Contoh :
친구랑 공부를 했어요 => Saya belajar dengan teman.

**catatan :
과 , 이랑 => konsonan.
와 , 랑 => vocal.
하고 => konsonan / vocal.

Pernyataan negatif :
아니요 => tidak.
안 => tidak / belum.
지않아요 => tidak.
못 => tidak / belum.
**Catatan :
Suku kata berakhiran 다 , maka 안 / 못 ditaruh di depan kata tersebut.
Suku kata berakhiran 하다 , maka 안 / 못 akan ditaruh sebelum 하 / ditengah – tengahnya.

 
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Posted by on December 22, 2014 in korea

 

Chord Guitar Avenged Sevenfold – Dear God

Avenged Sevenfold – Dear God

Intro: F – C – Dm – Am – B – F – C (2x)

F C Dm Am
A lonely road, crossed another cold state line
B F C
Miles away from those I love purpose hard to find
F C Dm Am
While I recall all the words you spoke to me
B F
Can’t help but wish that I was there
C
Back where I’d love to be, oh yeah…

Reff:
F C Dm C
Dear God the only thing I ask of you
B F
Is to hold her when I’m not around,
C
When I’m much too far away
F C Dm C
We all need that person who can be true to you
B F
But I left her when I found her
C
And now I wish I’d stayed
B C
Cause I’m lonely and I’m tired
Dm C B
I’m missing you again oh no….
F
Once again

F C Dm Am
There’s nothing here for me on this barren road
B F
There’s no one here while the city sleeps
C
And all the shops are closed
F C Dm Am
Can’t help but think of the times I’ve had with you
B F C
Pictures and some memories will have to help me through, oh yeah…

Reff :
F C Dm C
Dear God the only thing I ask of you
B F
Is to hold her when I’m not around,
C
When I’m much too far away
F C Dm C
We all need that person who can be true to you
B F
I left her when I found her
C
And now I wish I’d stayed
B C
Cause I’m lonely and I’m tired
Dm C B
I’m missing you again oh no
F
Once again

Dm B F
Some search, never finding a way
Dm B F
Before long, they waste away
Dm B F
I found you, something told me to stay Dm B F
I gave in, to selfish ways
Gm C
And how I miss someone to hold when hope begins to fade

F C Dm Am
A lonely road, crossed another cold state line
B F C
Miles away from those I love purpose hard to find

Reff :
F C Dm C
Dear God the only thing I ask of you
B F
Is to hold her when I’m not around,
C
When I’m much too far away
F C Dm C
We all need the person who can be true to you
B F
I left her when I found her
C
And now I wish I’d stayed
B C
Cause I’m lonely and I’m tired
Dm C B
I’m missing you again oh no….
F
Once again

 
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Posted by on December 21, 2014 in Music

 

Sentences in Korean Language

Sentences in Korean language is divided into two types, namely Sentence Sentence Formal and Informal.

1. Formal sentence.

Establishment of a formal sentence that is if:
● For the interrogative sentence, the noun phrase and its use 입니까 입니다.
● If the verb and adjective interrogative sentence that ends in vowel, then the answer sentence using ㅂ 니다 and ㅂ 니까.
● To answer sentence verbs and adjectives in a sentence that ends in a consonant asked to use 습니다 and 습니까.

Example:
A: 이 것은 무엇 입니까? (This matter what?).
B: 그 것은 책 입니다. (It is a book).
A: 어디 갑니까? (Go where?).
B: 서울 에 갑니다. (Go to seoul).

2. Informal sentence.

Informal sentence formation is divided into three, namely:

● The verb / properties that ends 하다 then tambahanya is 여요 be 해요.
Example:
공부 하다 => 공부 해요: Learning.
일하다 => 일 해요: Work.

● The verb / properties that ends vowel ㅗ it will turn into 와, and ending vocal ㅏ it will turn into ㅏ. But for verb / properties also exist suffix letter consonants, then just add 아요.
Example:
보다 => 봐요: Viewing.
사다 => 사다: Buying.
잡다 => 잡아요: Holding / Capture.

● The verb / properties that ends with a vowel ㅓ, ㅜ, which ended ㅣ also consonant then just add the 어요. But for verb / properties that ends vowel alone, it will be changed as follows:
»ㅓ changed ㅓ.
»ㅡ changed ㅓ.
»ㅜ changed ㅝ.
»ㅣ changed ㅕ.
Example:
서다 => 서요: Stand.
쓰다 => 써요: Nenulis.
먹다 => 먹어요: Eat.

Conclusion:
ㅏ => ㅏ (if ending in consonants just add 아요).
ㅗ => ㅘ (if ending in consonants just add 아요).
ㅓ => ㅓ (if ending in consonants just add 어요).
ㅣ => ㅕ (if ending in consonants just add 어요).
ㅜ => ㅝ (if ending in consonants just add 어요).
ㅡ => ㅓ (if ending in consonants just add 어요).

 
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Posted by on December 20, 2014 in Korean